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6 أبريل، 2012

تثبيت وتشغيل تور على أوبونتو 12.04/11.10

السلام عليكم.

تور Tor: هو عبارة عن كاسر بروكسي مجاني ومفتوح المصدر,يستخدمه الملايين من الناس حول العالم وهو يعمل بمبدأ Peer to Peer, ويقوم بتشفير الإتصال بدرجة 128 بت, مما يضمن درجة حماية حتى أكثر من VPN, فضلاً عن تعدد المنصات التي يعمل عليها, ويمكنك تحميل النسخة المحمولة منه من هنا.

أما اليوم فسنشرح طريقة تثبيته على كل من أوبونتو 11.10/12.04.

- افتح الطرفية وطبق الأوامر التالية:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:ubun-tor/ppa
sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install tor privoxy
sudo apt-get install vidalia polipo
- طبق الأمر:
 gksudo gedit /etc/polipo/config
  
بعدها سيظهر لك ملف فيه محتويات, امسح كل مابداخله ثم ألصق فيه التالي:

## Basic configuration
### *******************

# Uncomment one of these if you want to allow remote clients to
# connect:

# proxyAddress = "::0"        # both IPv4 and IPv6
# proxyAddress = "0.0.0.0"    # IPv4 only

proxyAddress = "127.0.0.1"
proxyPort = 8118

# If you do that, you'll want to restrict the set of hosts allowed to
# connect:

# allowedClients = "127.0.0.1, 134.157.168.57"
# allowedClients = "127.0.0.1, 134.157.168.0/24"

allowedClients = 127.0.0.1
allowedPorts = 1-65535

# Uncomment this if you want your Polipo to identify itself by
# something else than the host name:

proxyName = "localhost"

# Uncomment this if there's only one user using this instance of Polipo:

cacheIsShared = false

# Uncomment this if you want to use a parent proxy:

# parentProxy = "squid.example.org:3128"

# Uncomment this if you want to use a parent SOCKS proxy:

socksParentProxy = "localhost:9050"
socksProxyType = socks5

### Memory
### ******

# Uncomment this if you want Polipo to use a ridiculously small amount
# of memory (a hundred C-64 worth or so):

# chunkHighMark = 819200
# objectHighMark = 128

# Uncomment this if you've got plenty of memory:

# chunkHighMark = 50331648
# objectHighMark = 16384

chunkHighMark = 67108864

### On-disk data
### ************

# Uncomment this if you want to disable the on-disk cache:

diskCacheRoot = ""

# Uncomment this if you want to put the on-disk cache in a
# non-standard location:

# diskCacheRoot = "~/.polipo-cache/"

# Uncomment this if you want to disable the local web server:

localDocumentRoot = ""

# Uncomment this if you want to enable the pages under /polipo/index?
# and /polipo/servers?.  This is a serious privacy leak if your proxy
# is shared.

# disableIndexing = false
# disableServersList = false

disableLocalInterface = true
disableConfiguration = true

### Domain Name System
### ******************

# Uncomment this if you want to contact IPv4 hosts only (and make DNS
# queries somewhat faster):
#
# dnsQueryIPv6 = no

# Uncomment this if you want Polipo to prefer IPv4 to IPv6 for
# double-stack hosts:
#
# dnsQueryIPv6 = reluctantly

# Uncomment this to disable Polipo's DNS resolver and use the system's
# default resolver instead.  If you do that, Polipo will freeze during
# every DNS query:

dnsUseGethostbyname = yes

### HTTP
### ****

# Uncomment this if you want to enable detection of proxy loops.
# This will cause your hostname (or whatever you put into proxyName
# above) to be included in every request:

disableVia = true

# Uncomment this if you want to slightly reduce the amount of
# information that you leak about yourself:

# censoredHeaders = from, accept-language
# censorReferer = maybe

censoredHeaders = from,accept-language,x-pad,link
censorReferer = maybe

# Uncomment this if you're paranoid.  This will break a lot of sites,
# though:

# censoredHeaders = set-cookie, cookie, cookie2, from, accept-language
# censorReferer = true

# Uncomment this if you want to use Poor Man's Multiplexing; increase
# the sizes if you're on a fast line.  They should each amount to a few
# seconds' worth of transfer; if pmmSize is small, you'll want
# pmmFirstSize to be larger.

# Note that PMM is somewhat unreliable.

# pmmFirstSize = 16384
# pmmSize = 8192

# Uncomment this if your user-agent does something reasonable with
# Warning headers (most don't):

# relaxTransparency = maybe

# Uncomment this if you never want to revalidate instances for which
# data is available (this is not a good idea):

# relaxTransparency = yes

# Uncomment this if you have no network:

# proxyOffline = yes

# Uncomment this if you want to avoid revalidating instances with a
# Vary header (this is not a good idea):

# mindlesslyCacheVary = true

# Suggestions from Incognito configuration
maxConnectionAge = 5m
maxConnectionRequests = 120
serverMaxSlots = 8
serverSlots = 2
tunnelAllowedPorts = 1-65535
 
- طبق الأمر:

sudo /etc/init.d/polipo restart && sudo /etc/init.d/tor restart
 
ثم شغل الواجهة الرسومية للتور "vidalia" من قائمة التطبيقات,الآن أصبح كل شيء جاهزاً للعمل, يمكنك استخدام إضافة Torbutton للفايرفوكس من هنا, أو إذا أردت تطبيق التور على كل النظام فإفتح إعدادات الإنترنت<بروكسي<يدوي وأضف هذه الإعدادات:

أو يمكنك ضبط التطبيقات التي تريدها فقط عن طريق وضع الإعدادات التالية في إعدادات بروكسي البرنامج:

Protocol: socks5
Host: localhost
Port: 9050


قد تحتاج إلى إعادة تشغيل الجهاز..
تحياتي.

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